Information technology and computer science are both academic fields that have grown very much over the last few decades. Many people may be unaware however that information technology actually started way back in the 1960s when computers first became available for use by the general public. In the coming years, with the help of computers and their various technologies, information technology will likely reach even greater heights, becoming an industry worth billions of dollars. For those interested in information technology and computer science, there are many things to consider.
Information technology, also referred to as IT, is the application of information technology to a variety of different fields. For instance, computer science is the application of computer science to various types of industries such as engineering, applied research, business, and medicine. As information technology develops and matures, it will continue to impact these industries as well as many others.
One of the most predominant areas in which computer science is used is in the field of engineering. In fact, many engineers carry on research and development projects in this particular field. Some types of research and development that may be carried out include the study of microelectronics, computer systems, and electronics. These engineers also make use of various forms of technology in order to improve upon existing methods. Information technology can therefore be used in many different ways within the engineering field.
In contrast, information technology deals more with the information itself. It includes the design, development, maintenance, operation, storage, control, communication, and networking of information technologies. The computer sciences generally incorporate programming languages, control systems, and data handling technologies. This means that one can choose to major in computer science, information technology, or a combination of the two. A student looking to major in computer science should consider whether he/she is going to major in computer engineering, information technology, or a combination of the two.
When it comes to studying information technology, both computer science and information technology are concerned with numerical analysis, scientific computation, and the use of information technology in the workplace. In order to understand and analyze the information technology field, it helps to first become an expert in the computer itself. For this, one must possess a basic knowledge of computer hardware and software. The student must also have a working knowledge of how networks are set up, and how they function.
Both computer science and information technology require students to study analog and digital forms of communication. Those students in the computer science major who is interested in information technology, typically select a topic in either digital or analog signal processing. One can choose to specialize by completing additional classes in a specific computer software field. In doing so, one has the ability to specialize in any area of computer science or information technology.
Computer science is concerned with the theoretical aspect of information technology, while information technology is mostly concerned with the practical aspect of computer systems. The two fields sometimes go hand in hand, and some fields overlap significantly with each other. For example, in considering information technology issues, one will likely need to take an information technology class as well as a computer science class. Information technology is the study of how computers work to solve various problems, while computer science deals with the practical aspects of those systems. However, it overlaps significantly with physics and math, which have both technical and intuitive elements to them.
When it comes to deciding between information technology and computer science, one must consider which category a student would most like to focus on. Interested students should research these subjects thoroughly and then select which is the most applicable for their desired major. Many students enjoy studying both computer science and information technology, as it allows them to fulfill two different educational goals within one curriculum. These two major areas in a curriculum are used to help students decide upon a major, which prepares them adequately for a career in information technology or computer science.